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Galaxies
M33 Composite - Triangulum Galaxy
02-09-08
Losmandy G-11 Gemini, Takahashi  
Epsilon 130 and TSA-102 at f/8, SBIG  ST-4000
XCM and ST-2000 XCM,
9 x 10 min E-130 and 4 x15 min TSA-102
acquired in CCDSoft at -10 C
Dark and Flat calibration in CCDOPS
Processing done in Photoshop CS2, Maxim DL 3,
and Images Plus
Virgo Cluster - Markarian's Chain
02-10-08 Red Cloud Road, CA
Losmandy G-11 Gemini, Takahashi  
Epsilon 130, SBIG  ST-4000 XCM,
6 x 20 min acquired in CCDSoft at -10 C
Dark and Flat calibration in CCDOPS
Processing done in Photoshop CS2, Maxim DL
3, and Images Plus
M106, NGC 4248 and NGC 4217
03-01-08 Mount Laguna, CA
Losmandy G-11 Gemini, Takahashi  
TSA 102 at f/8, SBIG  ST-4000 XCM
8 x 20 min acquired in CCDSoft at -15 C
Dark and Bias calibration in CCDOPS
Processing done in Photoshop CS2, Maxim DL 3,
and Images Plus
Abell 1656 - Coma Galaxy Cluster
03-28-08 Mount Laguna, CA
Losmandy G-11 Gemini, Takahashi  
TSA 102 at f/8, SBIG  ST-4000 XCM
4 x 30 min acquired in CCDSoft at -20 C
Dark and Bias calibration in CCDOPS
Processing done in Photoshop CS2, Maxim DL
3, and Images Plus
M101 - Pinwheel Galaxy
04-26-08 Ortega Hwy, CA and 03-17-07 Red
Cloud Rd, CA
Losmandy G-11 Gemini, Takahashi  
TSA 102, SBIG  ST-4000 XCM, ST-2000 XCM
IDAS LPS filter
14 x 20 min at -10 C acquired in CCDSoft
Dark, Flat, Bias calibration in CCDOPS
Processing done in Photoshop CS2, Maxim DL 3,
and Images Plus
M99 - Spiral Galaxy in Coma Berenices
05-28-08 Laguna Niguel, CA
Losmandy G-11 Gemini, Takahashi  
TSA 102, SBIG  ST-7 XME
16 x 5 min Lum at 0 C acquired in CCDSoft
Dark and Bias calibration in CCDOPS
Processing done in Photoshop CS2
M104 - Sombrero Galaxy
03-01-09 Laguna Niguel, CA
Losmandy G-11 Gemini, Takahashi  
TSA-102 at f/8, FLI ML8300
LRGB 60:15:15:15 min at -35 C acquired in
MaxIm DL
Processing done in Photoshop CS2 and Maxim
DL
NGC 4565 in Coma Berenices
03-28-09 Mount Laguna, CA
Losmandy G-11 Gemini, Takahashi  
TSA-102, FLI ML8300
LRGB 90:20:20:20 min at -35 C acquired in
MaxIm DL
Processing done in Photoshop CS2 and Maxim
DL
M63 - Sunflower Galaxy
03-29-09 Mount Laguna, CA
Losmandy G-11 Gemini, Takahashi  
TSA-102, FLI ML8300
Lum 90 min at -35 C acquired in MaxIm DL
Processing done in Photoshop CS2 and Maxim
DL
Leo Trio - M65, M66 and NGC 3628
04-18-09  Ortega Hwy, CA
Takahashi EM-200, Takahashi  
TSA-102, FLI ML8300
Lum 120 min at -35 C acquired in
MaxIm DL
Processing done in Photoshop CS2 and Maxim
DL
M81 / M82 region with Integrated Flux Nebula
MW3
04-25-09  Mt. Laguna, CA
Takahashi EM-200, Takahashi  
Epsilon 130, FLI ML8300
LL(bin2)B 60:60:60 min at -35 C acquired in
MaxIm DL
Processing done in Photoshop CS2 and Maxim DL
NGC 253 - Sculptor Galaxy -Luminance
07-26-09 Mt. Laguna, CA
Takahashi EM-200, Takahashi TSA-102
at f/6, FLI ML8300
L 120 min at -30 C acquired in MaxIm DL
Processing done in Photoshop CS2 and Maxim DL
NGC 253 - Sculptor Galaxy -LRGB
07-26-09 Mt. Laguna, CA
Takahashi EM-200, Takahashi TSA-102
at f/6, FLI ML8300, ST-2000XCM
L 120 min : RGB 45 min
Processing done in Photoshop CS2 and Maxim
DL
M31 - Andromeda Galaxy - Luminance
10-17-09 RAS site - Landers, CA
Takahashi EM-200, Takahashi TSA-102
at f/8, FLI ML8300
160 min at -25 C acquired in MaxIm DL
(2 frame mosaic, 80 min per frame)
Processing done in Photoshop CS2 and Maxim DL
M31 - Andromeda Galaxy - LRGB
10-17-09 RAS site - Landers, CA
Takahashi EM-200, Takahashi TSA-102
at f/8, FLI ML8300, Takahashi Epsilon-130,
SBIG ST-4000XCM
160 min at -25 C acquired in MaxIm DL plus
100 min RGB from ST-4000
Photoshop CS2 and Maxim DL
M33 - Triangulum Galaxy - HaL
11-14-09 Little Blair Valley, CA
Takahashi NJP, Takahashi TSA-102
at f/6, FLI ML8300, Optec 8nm Ha filter
60:120 min HaL at -30 C acquired in MaxIm DL
Processing done in Photoshop CS2 and Maxim
DL
M33 - Triangulum Galaxy - HaLRGB
11-14-09 Little Blair Valley, CA
Takahashi NJP, Takahashi TSA-102
at f/6, Takahashi E-130, FLI ML8300, Optec 8nm Ha
filter, ST-4000 XCM
180 min HaL at -30 C acquired in MaxIm DL + 150
min RGB from ST-4000 XCM
Processing done in Photoshop CS2 and Maxim DL
Leo Trio - M65, M66, NGC 3628 LRGB
03-13-10 RAS Landers site, CA
Takahashi NJP, Takahashi TSA-102
at f/6, FLI ML8300
LRGB 90:15:15:15 min at -30 C acquired in
MaxIm DL
Processing done in Photoshop CS2 and Maxim DL
Galaxies - DSLR and
2006 CCD Images
M101 and NGC 5474 - Luminance
03-13-10 RAS Landers site, CA
Takahashi NJP, Takahashi TSA-102
at f/6, FLI ML8300
120 min at -30 C acquired in MaxIm DL
Processing done in Photoshop CS2 and Maxim
DL
M51 - First Light with Celestron 8" EdgeHD -
Luminance
04-16-10 Fallbrook, CA
Takahashi NJP, Celestron 8" EdgeHD,  FLI ML8300
120 min bin 2x2 at -30 C acquired in MaxIm DL
Processing done in Photoshop CS2 and Maxim DL
M51 - LRGB composite
04-24-10
Takahashi NJP, Celestron 8" EdgeHD, Tak
TSA-102, Celestron C8, FLI ML8300, SBIG
ST-2000 XCM
120;240 min L: RGB (St-2000 XCM
Processing done in Photoshop CS2 and Maxim
DL
Virgo Cluster - Markarian's Chain
05-15-10 RTMC - Camp Oakes, CA
Takahashi NJP, Takahashi TSA-102
at f/6, FLI ML8300, ST-4000 XCM
120:120 min L:RGBe at -30 C acquired in
MaxIm DL
Processing done in Photoshop CS2 and Maxim
DL
M98 and M99 - Galaxies in Virgo
06-06-10 Fallbrook, CA
Takahashi NJP, Takahashi TSA-102
at f/6, FLI ML8300
LRGB 60:20:30:30 min at -30 C acquired in MaxIm
DL
Processing done in Photoshop CS2 and Maxim DL
NGC 891 - the Outer Limits Galaxy
11-05-10 Fallbrook, CA
ASA DDM60 Pro, Celestron 8" EdgeHD, FLI
ML8300
L 60 min bin 2x2 at -30 C acquired in MaxIm
DL
Processing done in Photoshop CS2
NGC 7331 and Stephan's Quintet
11-29-10 Fallbrook, CA
ASA DDM60 Pro, Takahashi TSA-102 at f/6,
Celestron 8" EdgeHD, FLI ML8300
L 180 min at -30 C acquired in MaxIm DL
plus 90 min RGB taken with the TSA-102 at f/6 and
ST-2000 XCM 07-18-07
Processing done in Photoshop CS2
NGC 4631 - Whale Galaxy
03-09-11 Fallbrook, CA
ASA DDM60 Pro, Takahashi TSA-102 at f/8,
Atik 314L+ CCD camera
180 min at -15 C acquired in MaxIm DL 4.6
Processing done in MaxIm DL and Photoshop
CS2
M81 and M82 in Ursa Major
04-27-11 Fallbrook, CA
ASA DDM60 Pro, Pentax 125 SDP, Canon 5D
Mk II, IDAS LPS filter
12x10 min at ISO 800
Stacking done in Nebulosity 2
Processing done in Photoshop CS2
M100 - Spiral Galaxy in Virgo
05-05-11 Fallbrook, CA
ASA DDM60 Pro, Pentax 125 SDP, Atik 314L+ CCD
camera, IDAS LPS filter
180 min at -15 C acquired in MaxIm DL 4.6
Processing done in MaxIm DL and Photoshop CS2
M31 - Andromeda Galaxy - 5D Mk II
10-02-11 Fallbrook, CA
ASA DDM60 Pro, Pentax 125 SDP, Canon 5D Mk II,
IDAS LPS filter
9 x 10 min at ISO 800
Stacking done in Nebulosity 2
Processing done in Photoshop CS2
M33 - Triangulum Galaxy - 5D Mk II
10-29-11 Tierra Del Sol, CA
ASA DDM60 Pro, Pentax 125 SDP, Canon 5D
Mk II, IDAS LPS filter
9 x 10 min at ISO 1600
Stacking done in Nebulosity 2
Processing done in Photoshop CS2
M81 - Bode's Galaxy close-up
12-20-11 Fallbrook, CA
ASA DDM60 Pro, Pentax 125 SDP, Apogee U8300,
IDAS LPS filter
180 min Luminance
Stacking done in MaxIm DL 4.6
Processing done in Photoshop CS2
M81and M82
12-20-11 Fallbrook, CA
ASA DDM60 Pro, Pentax 125 SDP, Apogee
U8300, Canon 5D Mk II
180 min Luminance (U8300)
120 min color data (5D Mk II)
Stacking in MaxIm DL 4.6
Processing done in Photoshop CS2
M106 in Canes Venetici
12-27-11 Fallbrook, CA
ASA DDM60 Pro, Pentax 125 SDP, Apogee
U8300, ST-4000XCM, IDAS LPS
270 min Luminance at -30C (U8300)
160 min color data (ST-4000XCM)
Stacking MaxIm DL 4.6 and Nebulosity
Processing done in Photoshop CS2
M109 - Barred Spiral in Ursa Major
12-28-11 Fallbrook, CA
ASA DDM60 Pro, Pentax 125 SDP, Apogee U8300,
ST-2000XCM, IDAS LPS filter
240 min Luminance at -30C (U8300)
90 min color data (SBIG ST-2000XCM)
Stacking MaxIm DL 4.6 and Nebulosity
Processing done in Photoshop CS2
Galaxies 2007 Images
M51 - Whirlpool Galaxy Composite
12-29-11 Fallbrook, CA
ASA DDM60 Pro, Pentax 125 SDP, Apogee U8300,
ST-2000XCM, IDAS LPS filter
10 hours (600min) total exposure time using various
scopes and cameras
Stacking done in MaxIm DL 4.6 and Nebulosity
Processing done in Photoshop CS2
M66 - Palomar 60" Telescope
03-22-12 Palomar Observatory, CA
Palomar 60" f/8 RC, Nikon D3
2 x 5 min at ISO 800
Image taken by Paul Gardner
Processing by Chris Hendren in Photoshop CS2
M31 - Andromeda Galaxy  - Luminance
07-18-12 to 07-20-12 Fallbrook, CA
ASA DDM60 Pro, Pentax 125 SDP, Apogee U16000,
IDAS LPS filter
480 min Lum at -25C
Calibrated and stacked in MaxIm DL 5
Processed in Photoshop CS5
M31 - Andromeda Galaxy - LRGB
07-18-12 to 07-20-12 Fallbrook, CA
ASA DDM60 Pro, Pentax 125 SDP, Apogee
U16000, IDAS LPS filter  - 480 min Lum plus
350 min color from 2007-2011 - 830 min total
Calibrated and stacked in MaxIm DL 5
Processed in Photoshop CS5
NGC 2903
12-10-12 Fallbrook, CA
ASA DDM60 Pro, Pentax 125 SDP, Apogee U16000,
IDAS LPS filter
240 min Lum at -25C
Calibrated in MaxIm DL 5
Processing in Photoshop CS5
Leo Trio Luminance - M65/66, NGC 3628
05-11-13 RAS GMARS site, Landers, CA
ASA DDM60 Pro, Pentax 125 SDP, Apogee
U16000, Astrodon I-Series filters
180 min Luminance at -25C
Calibrated in MaxIm DL 5
Processing in Photoshop CS5
Triangulum Galaxy M33 HaLRGB
08-22-14 The Nerdery Observatory, RAS GMARS site,
Landers, CA
ASA DDM60 Pro, Pentax 125 SDP, Apogee U16000,
Astrodon HaLRGB Gen2 filters
50:50:30:30:30 min HaLRGB at -20C
Acquired / Calibrated in MaxIm DL 5.24
Processing in Photoshop CC
M31 - Andromeda Widefield - Borg71FL
10-25-14 RAS GMARS site, Landers, CA
Takahashi EM-10, Borg 71FL at f/3.9, Canon
5D Mk II
14 x 5 min at ISO 640
Processed in Nebulosity 2 and Photoshop CC
Leo Trio
03-12-16 The Nerdery Observatory, RAS GMARS site,
Landers, CA
ASA DDM60 Pro, Pentax 125 SDP, Apogee U16000,
Astrodon LRGB filters
210:50:60:60 min LRGB at -25C
Acquired / Calibrated in MaxIm DL 6.03
Processing in Photoshop CC
M81/M82 Galaxy Group
03-12-16  RAS GMARS site, Landers, CA
Takahashi EM-10, StellarVue SV70T-25SV with
f/4.8 reducer/flattener, Canon 5D Mk II
9 x 4 min at ISO 1250
Processing in Nebulosity 4 and Photoshop CC
M51 - Whirlpool Galaxy Luminace
05-01-16 The Nerdery Observatory, RAS GMARS
site, Landers, CA
ASA DDM60 Pro, Pentax 125 SDP, Apogee
U16000, Astrodon L filter
180 min Luminance at -25C
Acquired / Calibrated in MaxIm DL 6.03
Processing in Photoshop CC
Virgo Cluster - Markarian's Chain
04-30-16 The Nerdery Observatory, RAS GMARS site,
Landers, CA
ASA DDM60 Pro, Pentax 125 SDP, Apogee U16000,
Astrodon L filter
120 min Luminance at -25C
Acquired / Calibrated in MaxIm DL 6.03
Processing in Photoshop CC